Medieval & English Civil War Experience
Copyright © Des & Judith Thomas (Historical Services To Schools) 2016 All Rights Reserved
With Ned (Young Ned) Carlewe & Judith Carlewe
Colonell Granville Thomas with Mistress Judith Thomas

17th Century
Issues
Back Into The Past
 
Issues
The 2nd Bishops War
The War with the Scots went on turning into a disaster for King Charles. In August 1640 a second army was defeated at Newburn, the Scots advanced into Northumberland capturing Newcastle, Durham and Ripon. The King was forced to make peace in November with the Scots still in occupation of large areas of the North of England. By April he was so desperate for money that he called his first Parliament in eleven years.
The Right to Raise Taxes
The King had many fierce arguments with the Parliament such as to who had the right to raise taxes, control the armed forces and make laws affecting those with money and power.  As early as 1629, the King had become so angry at the constant bickering he dismissed his members of Parliament; however he could not legally raise all the taxes he needed to run the country.
Events that Led to War
In 1641 the King called a Parliament and asked for money in an attempt to rebuild his forces. Parliament gave him one word in answer NO! He had run this country without them for 11 years; some called it 11 years of "Personal Rule", others called it 11 years of tyranny.  Parliament produced a list of the Kings faults during those 11 years, told the King to correct them before considering giving him some money they remonstrated with the King.
Parliament made demands upon the King.

To be voted in every 3 years.
To chose his advisors.
He could not dismiss them out of hand.
No taxes without representation.
No bishops in Parliament
Parliament would vote money for the army.
Parliament insisted on saying what it would do. 
Disasters
War with the Scots 1639 - 1640

English Common Book of Prayer

King Charles's Bishops Thrown out of St Giles Catherdral, Edinburgh

Divine Right of Kings

Ship Tax

Parliament Recalled
Both sides believed the other would use the army against them.