Medieval & English Civil War Experience
Copyright © Des & Judith Thomas (Historical Services To Schools) 2016 All Rights Reserved
With Ned (Young Ned) Carlewe & Judith Carlewe
Colonell Granville Thomas with Mistress Judith Thomas
Back Into The Past
The King was advised by his Queen, Henrietta Marie, to 'End the rebellion at a stroke', because that is what it was. It was a war against his person. He prepared a warrant to arrest rebellious leaders for High Treason, five from the House of Commons and one from the House of Lords. He entered the Houses of Parliament with 400 troops on the 4th January 1642. Unfortunately for him the six M.P,'s had been forewarned and they had fled to safety. His 'Birds had Flown' This this was an invasion of their Privileges, by the King and armed soldiers.
And so to War
This gave parliament the justification needed for voting to take control of the army away from King Charles. Charles realised that events had now gone too far from a peaceful settlement of differences. Londoners, upset at the bungled arrest attempt rioted in the streets of London the King fearing for the lives of his family travelled north to York. He then tried to enter Hull, where arms and ammunition were stored ready for the next war against Scotland. The people of Hull slammed the gates shut in his face, denied him entry, and ejected his son the Duke of York out of the town. From Hull he travelled south towards London, via Lancashire and Nottingham there on the 22 August 1642 he raised his Royal Standard, it fell down twice in a gale during the night, this was regarded as a bad omen.
It was a Declaration of War by the King on his people. Sending out Commissioners of Array a thousand men flocked to his side. He began gathering his supporters into a nucleus of a Royalist Army and marched on London. Parliament began raising forces at the same time, under the command of the Earl of Essex, a nobleman of some military experience. Parliament sent the Earl of Essex to find the King and rescue him from his advisors.
The fighting ships, The Navy, under the command of the Earl of Warwick sided with Parliament.