Medieval & English Civil War Experience
Copyright © Des & Judith Thomas (Historical Services To Schools) 2016 All Rights Reserved
With Ned (Young Ned) Carlewe & Judith Carlewe
Colonell Granville Thomas with Mistress Judith Thomas

17th Century
The Problem
Back Into The Past
 
The Problem
They were to protect where they lived or this country, in times of emergency. The King used these Trayned Bandes to put down rebellions, but ran out of money to pay them. The only way he could raise taxes to pay for them was by asking Parliament. His problem was he had disbanded Parliament in 1631.
Parliament called them out under the Militia Act to protect their rights.
These consisted of Armoured Pikemen armed with 18ft pikes. Musketeers with Matchlock muskets, Cavalry or Dragoons mounted on horseback, each area would have access to a Train of Artillery.
Money for an Army
In the mid-seventeenth century there was no regular army. All we had, all over the country, were able bodied men from the age of 16 to 60 years of age, who were trained up, four or five times a year to be soldiers. They were known as Trayned Bandes or Militia.
Religion
Charles had a major problem over religion in Scotland. He favoured a form of Anglicanism that concentrated on ritual, pomp and ceremony. Charles required that the Scots to use the English Common Book of Prayer or the Laudian Prayer book. He had appointed Bishops to preach to the Scots in their churches or "Kirks" of Scotland. The Scottish People thought, wrongly, he was trying to impose a Roman Catholic form of religion upon them.
Catholics were generally feared and hated throughout Scotland and England. Few had forgotten the Spanish Armada of 1588 and the Gunpowder Plot of 1605
The First Bishops War 1639
The drift towards war began in 1639, following the attempt by the King to impose new forms of worship upon the Church of Scotland. Incensed at these moves, which they thought were meant to turn them towards the Roman Catholic Faith the Scots turned into open revolt.
 
They threw prayer books at the Kings appointed bishops and drove them out of the churches and rebelled against the Kings rule.
The King raised and army to put down the rebellion in Scotland, it was poorly paid and badly led and ran away on the first contact with the Scots at Kelso. Charles had not got the money for further troops and had to conclude a truce with the Scots in June 1639 called the Pacification of Berwick, this did not last long and failed, by the beginning of 1640 the King was forced to raise more troop to put down the rebellious Scots.