Medieval & English Civil War Experience
Copyright © Des & Judith Thomas (Historical Services To Schools) 2016 All Rights Reserved
With Ned (Young Ned) Carlewe & Judith Carlewe
Colonell Granville Thomas with Mistress Judith Thomas

17th Century
A War Without An Enemy
Back Into The Past
War without an Enemy
Which Side? 
Factors people had to consider were many and various, some we have already shown. The decision to chose sides divided families and friends as shown in a famous letter that Sir William Walter (Parliament) wrote to his best friend Sir Ralph Hopton (Royalist) who had been injured by a powder barrel exploding at the Battle of Landsdowne, 5th July 1643.
' Friend
The experience I have had of your worth and the happiness I have enjoyed in your friendship are wounding considerations between us when I look upon this present distance between us.  Certainly my affectiona to you are so unchangeable, that hostility itself cannot violate my friendship in your person, but I must be true to the cause wherein I serve... That great God which is the searcher of my heart knows with what a sad sense I go upon this service, and with what a perfect hatred I detest this war without an enemy, but I look upon it as Opus Domini, which is enough to silence all passion in me.

The God of peace in is good time will send us peace and in the meantime fit us to receive it.  We are both upon the stage and must act those parts that are assigned to us in this tragedy.  Let us do it in a way of honour, and without personal animosities, whatever the issue be, I shall never willingly relinquish the dear title of you're most affectionate friend and faithful servant.

William Waller '
Even the King's own family was divided.  One of the King's nephews,  Prince Charles Louis, the older brother of Prince Rupert, supported Parliament.  Prince Rupert (and his dog) Supported the King. Here you have a family torn apart and divided.

Leading members of the population met to avert this war without an enemy some attempted to sign peace treaties to give mutual support to each other in the event of invasion of their property.  Some of these peace treaties lasted months some only minutes.  It hardly mattered whether those 'Particular persons' were for King or Parliament.  One of their abiding wishes was to prevent war starting.  During the war about one third of the population stood in this position at any one time.