Medieval & English Civil War Experience
Copyright © Des & Judith Thomas (Historical Services To Schools) 2016 All Rights Reserved
 
14th - 15th Century
The Crusades
Back Into The Past
 
The Crusades
The Origins: 
The Crusades were a series of religiously sanctioned military campaigns fought, mainly by Roman Catholics forces, against Muslims who had occupied the Holy Lands.  They were waged by much of the Rulers of Europe, The Franks, The Holy Roman Empire and occasionally Kings of England.  The specific crusades to restore Christian control of the Holy Land from the Muslims were fought over a period of nearly 180 years, between 1095 and 1272.

The Holy Land is significant in Christianity and Islam because of the land's association as the place of nativity, ministry, crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus, Jerusalem in particular holds a significance in Islam as it holds it to be the site of the ascension into heaven of the prophet Mohammad.  In 1063, Pope Alexander II had given his blessing to Iberian Christians in their wars against the Muslims, granting both a papal standard (The Vexillum Sancti Petri) and an indulgence to those who were killed in battle.
Third Crusade (The Kings Crusade Re-enacted): 
We get several volunteers out to represent the vicious characters and features in this story.  Richard III, Phillip of France and The Holy Roman Emperor Frederick leading their armies down the coast of the Holy Lands and it's seaports. Saladin (Joseph) in Jerusalem with his army.

The children see the problems of the crusading armies, 70 year old Frederick I, falls off his horse, crossing a stream and was drowned.  His army promptly marched back home leaving Richard and Phillip low on numbers.

As the story unfolds characters change, cities fall under the Crusaders control as they battle slowly into the heart of Muslim controlled lands.  Just when it seems that they are to be succesful, Richard goes north leaving Acre in the hands of some Frankish Knights, Saladin (Joseph) tries to assail the city as he is about to take Acre, Richard learns of it's distress, he leads a small but determined band by boat back to Acre there he leaps ashore into the sea and drives them away from Acre.  Richard falls out with the French and they leave. Richard is now alone in the Holy Lands with a problem. However Saladin (Joseph) also has got problems with dissent amongst his tribe
The Result:  The two leaders met to discuss terms, the Treaty of Ramla was signed with the following results:-
Jerusalem Remained under Muslim control
Italians controlled all Syrian Ports
Unarmed Pilgrims are allowed In Jerusalem

Territorial Changes
Cyprus, Acre, Jaffa, and much of the Palestinian Coast came under Crusader Control
With Ned (Young Ned)  & Judith Carlewe
Colonell Granville Thomas with Mistress Judith Thomas